Many people use Deep web and Dark web interchangeably while discussing about Tor network, illegal stuff etc.
- Surface Web
- Deep Web
- Dark Web
This includes every public site like YouTube, Reddit, Wikipedia etc.
This part of web includes our private data such as email accounts, cloud storages etc.
Most of the data lies here.
Nobody can access this part of the web without permissions. And that permissions can be logging into your account.
For example, only you can access your Whatsapp conversation, photos, videos etc. Only you can access your iCloud data.
If your FaceBook photos are Public to everyone, then it lies in the Surface Web. Once you change its privacy settings to Only me or Friends or Friends of friends, it becomes part of Deep Web!
If a web site requires login, then pretty much understand that most of its data is in Deep Web.
To access Dark Web, we need a separate web browser. Normal web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari etc won’t work.
We need to use Tor Browser to access the Dark Web.
It is not entirely true that Dark web is used only for illegal activities. It is used for anonymity and illegal activities need anonymity. That’s why Dark web is primarily used to carry illegal activities to escape from law enforcement.
You can also access FaceBook through its onion address: facebookcorewwwi.onion
Like Surface web addresses ends with .com, .in, .io, .uk etc., Dark web addresses ends with .onion.
Only 3.5 to 4% of sites, links and data comes under Surface Web. Rest 96% comes under Dark and Deep web.